Fig 2.19 The number of fatalities and the direct economic loss caused by natural disasters 1976–2017
CHAPTER 2 ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Sources: Ministry of Civil Affairs, China National Civil Affairs Statistical Yearbook, 2017 (1977–2016 data); China Earthquake Data Center (1976 data); National Bureau of Statistics, China Statistical Yearbook, 2018 (2017 data)
China is a country with recurrent and major natural disasters, including floods, snowstorms, droughts and earthquakes. Globally, China ranks among the top 10 countries suffering the greatest toll from disasters, both in terms of the number of fatalities and in the economic costs from the damages.25, b
a Data reflect fatalities from the 1976 Tangshan earthquake only.
b Data reflect years in which the number of fatalities exceeded 6,000 and the direct economic loss exceeded RMB 150 billion (US$23 billion equivalent).