Figure 1.4 Percentage of ethnic minority groups, by province, 2015
CHAPTER 1 POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS
Source: National Bureau of Statistics, Tabulation on the 2015 1% National Population Sample Survey, 2016
China is comprised of 56 ethnic groups, including Han and 55 ethnic minority groups. In 2015, the total population of the ethnic minority groups was 117 million, accounting for 8.5 per cent of the total population and mostly residing in western China. Four ethnic minority groups had a population over 10 million, namely Zhuang, Hui, Uyghur and Manchu. Among all provinces in 2015, the population of Tibet had the highest proportion of ethnic minorities (95 per cent), while Guangxi was home to 18 million people of ethnic minority status, who were mainly Zhuang. This is the largest population of a single ethnic minority group within a province.