Figure 1.5 Total population and child population, 1953–2015
CHAPTER 1 POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS
Sources: National Bureau of Statistics, 1953, 1964, 1982, 1990, 2000 and 2010 Tabulation on the Population Census of China (respectively published in 1955, 1966, 1985, 1993, 2002 and 2012); Tabulation on the 2015 1% National Population Sample Survey, 2016
According to the 2015 1% National Population Sample Survey, the child population aged 0–17 in China was estimated to be 271 million in 2015, accounting for 20 per cent of the total population. Although the total population in China keeps rising, the size and proportion of China’s child population has continually declined since 1982, though it did become more stable during the period between 2010 and 2015. This is due to rapid economic development and changing demographic structures, together with sustained low birth rates since the implementation of the family planning policy in the late 1970s.