Figure 2.10 Number of poor and poverty rate in rural areas, 1978–2017
CHAPTER 2 ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Source: National Bureau of Statistics, China Statistical Yearbook, 2018
China’s official poverty measurement focuses mainly on rural areas. The current rural poverty line is RMB 2,300 per person per year at 2010 prices, equivalent to US$2.3 per person per day, and higher than the updated international extreme poverty line (US$1.9 per person per day) of the World Bank. Based on estimates according to the current official rural poverty line, China has lifted 740 million rural population out of poverty during the 1978–2017 period, playing an important role in poverty alleviation globally.