Figure 2.13 Poverty rate among rural children, 2014–2017
CHAPTER 2 ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Sources: National Bureau of Statistics, Poverty Monitoring Report of Rural China, 2015–2018
Using RMB 2,300 at 2010 prices as the poverty line, the poverty rate in rural areas in 2017 was 3.1 per cent, while among rural children it was 3.9 per cent, b which indicates poverty disproportionately affects children. A similar pattern is suggested in an estimate by the World Bank and UNICEF in 2016 which found that children are twice as likely to be living in households in extreme poverty – with 19.5 per cent of children in developing countries estimated to live on less than US$1.90 a day, compared to 9.2 per cent of adults.23
a Child poverty rate in 2014 is estimated for children aged 0–15, while in 2015, 2016 and 2017 for those aged 0–17.
b According to UNICEF China estimates based on the child poverty rate, there were 15 million, 11 million and 8 million rural children in poverty in 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively.