Figure 3.17 Antenatal care coverage, by number of visits, 2013
CHAPTER 3 MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
Source: National Health Commission (formerly the National Health and Family Planning Commission), National Health Services Survey, 2013
Women should receive antenatal care attended by skilled health personnel (e.g. doctors, nurses or midwives) during their pregnancy. UNICEF and WHO recommend a minimum of four antenatal care visits during pregnancy. The most recent recommendation by WHO is a minimum of eight antenatal contacts during pregnancy, to reduce perinatal death and improve women’s experience of receiving health care during their pregnancy.30 According to the requirements of China’s systematic maternal care management, pregnant women are recommended to receive at least five antenatal care visits. The results of the NHSSshow that antenatal care coverage of at least one visit was 97.8 per cent in 2013, without obvious disparity between urban and rural areas. However, with the increase in the recommended number of visits, coverage decreased rapidly, and the urban-rural gap also increased.