Figure 3.24 Rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, 2005–2016
CHAPTER 3 MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
Sources: National Health Commission (formerly the National Health and Family Planning Commission), ‘China National Programme for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV, Syphilis and Hepatitis B – Progress Report’, 2015 (data from 2014 and previous years); National Health Commission (formerly the National Health and Family Planning Commission), Management Information System for PMTCT of HIV, Syphilis and Hepatitis B (2015 and 2016 data)
In China, the rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV has been reduced from 34.8 per cent before the initiation of the National PMTCT Programme to 5.7 percent in 2016. Moreover, the proportion of mother-to-child transmitted infections against the annually reported new HIV infections and AIDS patients dropped from 1.6 per cent in 2005 to 0.5 per cent in 2016.34 However, the National PMTCT Programme is still confronted with several challenges. Along with the large population in China and the fast-expanding coverage of the programme, an increasing number of pregnant women infected are detected each year. In addition, regional disparities still exist. The coverage, quality and utilization of MCH and PMTCT services need to be advanced in poor, remote and ethnic minority concentrated areas.