Figure 3.3 Under-five mortality rate, by age, 1991–2017
CHAPTER 3 MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
Source: National Health Commission, China Health Statistical Yearbook, 2018
Between 1991 and 2017, the U5MR decreased steadily. In 2017, three fourths (74.8 per cent) of under-five mortality occurred during infancy (deaths before 12 months), while neonatal mortality (deaths during the first 28 days of life) accounted for half (49.5 per cent) of all under-five deaths. Many of these deaths were preventable.