Figure 3.32 Government, social and out-of-pocket expenditure on health, 1978–2017
CHAPTER 3 MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
Source: National Health Commission, China Health Statistical Yearbook, 2018
Over the past four decades, China has seen its total health spending increase from about 3.0 per cent to 6.4 per cent of its GDP in 2017. This increase was driven almost entirely by out-of-pocket expenditure until the mid-2000s. In recent years, the out-of-pocket share had decreased to 28.8 per cent in 2017. China aims to offer citizens better financial protection in health, by increasing the share of government health expenditure and reducing the share of out-of-pocket expenditure to around 28 per cent by 2020, a target set in the Health China 2030 Plan.