Figure 5.1 Prevalence of underweight among children under five, 1990–2013
CHAPTER 5 NUTRITION
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Sources: China CDC, China Nutrition and Health Surveillance (1992, 2002 and 2013 data); China Food and Nutrition Surveillance System, other years
In 1990, the national prevalence of underweight23 (low weight-for-age) among children under five was 13.7 per cent (5.3 per cent in urban areas and 16.5 per cent in rural areas). Between 1990 and 2013, the prevalence of underweight among children under five decreased significantly to 2.4 per cent nationally, with 1.5 per cent in urban areas and 3.1 per cent in rural areas. Prevalence of underweight was much higher in poor rural areas at 5.2 per cent. Underweight is measured according to WHO Child Growth Standards.